According to the American Counseling Association:
What does the counseling profession entail?
Professional Counselors are graduate level (either master’s or doctoral degree) mental health service providers, trained to work with individuals, families, and groups in treating mental, behavioral, and emotional problems and disorders.
A Professional Counselor will possess a master’s or doctoral degree in one of the following areas:
Addiction Counseling, Career Counseling, Clinical Mental Health or Community Agency Counseling, Marriage, Couple and Family Counseling, School Counseling, Student Affairs and College Counseling, Gerontological Counseling, or Counselor Education & Supervision
Here’s an informative infographic on counseling careers which shows the level of education required for such careers and the job outlook for coming years..